# What are Platonic Solids?

## What are Platonic Solids?

• Oct 10, 2018 What are Platonic Solids?

Geometrically, platonic solids are a three-dimensional extension of regular polygons.

Regular polygons are two-dimensional closed shapes having equal length sides meeting each other at the same angles. Eg. Equilateral triangles, squares, regular pentagon, etc.

Platonic solids are three dimensional structures formed by regular polygons connected to each other at vertices.  Each vertex should have the same number of connected polygons.

There are exactly five such shapes that exist. No other shape can be created using congruent regular polygons meeting at each vertex in the same number.

They are called Tetrahedron, Cube, Octahedron, Dodecahedron and Icosahedron

Platonic Solids and Five Elements

Platonic solids got their name from ancient Greek philosopher Plato, who was obsessed with these shapes.  In his theories, he tried to describe the whole Universe through these five shapes.

Plato suggested that these solids represent and build the Four Elements, and the fifth element is the shape of the Universe as a whole. Aristotle, another Greek philosopher later suggested that the fifth solid is the fifth element i.e. Ether

The Tetrahedron,\ is formed by four equilateral triangles. Its, sharp pointed edges and the smallest surface area gave it the property of sting and dryness. Hence, it relates to the Fire element

The cube or Hexahedron is formed by six squares. It's quality of being firm and solid brick-like block structure, impart it the correlation to stable Earth element.

The Octahedron is formed by eight equilateral triangles. When held by two opposite vertices, it rotates smoothly. This quality relates it to freely moving the Air element.

The Dodecahedron is formed by twelve equilateral pentagons. Twelve triangles correspond to twelve zodiacs and hence its representation of  Ether element.

The Icosahedron is formed by twenty equilateral triangles.

It holds the largest volume for its surface area and its water droplet like structure associates it with Water element.

Platonic Solids in Microcosm and Macrocosm

Dr. Robert J Moon, an eminent Nuclear Physicist, has devoted a large amount of his work proving that a structure of an atom is governed by Geometry of Platonic Solids. His work illustrates how every corner of a platonic solid represents a proton and how each atomic structure in the periodic table can be replicated by rearranging and stacking the platonic solids.

Dr. Moon’s work on atomic structure took inspiration from the work of a 16th-century mathematician called Johannes Kepler. Kepler mathematically proved that the solar system is created on a geometrical formation and this formation is nothing but platonic solids nested into one another.

The works of these two scientists are important to understand the replication of geometrical patterns in the creation of microcosms, like atoms and molecules, as well as macrocosm, like the solar system, in the Universe.

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